General Assembly

DISEC

Disarmament and International Security Committee (Double Delegation)

Foreign Military Interventions

Foreign Military Interventions (FMIs) are the movement of regular troops or forces (airborne, seaborne, shelling, etc.) of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute.

 

In this session of the Disarmament and International Security Committee, it would be up to delegates to determine whether FMIs promote democratization, cease internal armed conflicts, sustain longer-term peace & stability, and/or change socioeconomic circumstances in target countries.

Director: Renato Llontop

ECOFIN

Economic and Financial Committee

Access to Microcredits in Developing Countries

 

The topic of this committee focuses on the access to these form of microloans in third world countries, especially in those whose economies fluctuate and change aggressively in little time. Even though this economic model tends to be one important factor to stabilize this type of economies by helping microentrepreneurs and poor citizens, nowadays is being pursued around the globe.

In this study guide you will be able to find information about the topic of the committee, historical background, and the evolution of the topic since its beginnings until nowadays, and the current situation of the topic. Also, you will find relevant information about the existing debate around microfinance and third world countries (which is the main topic of this committee), and how they may or not help people escape poverty.

Director: David Zea

SOCHUM

Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Committee (Double Delegation)

Intimate Partner Violence

The Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM) deals with specific human rights issues, including women’s rights and advancement of women, rights of refugees, protection of children’s rights, among others.

 

In this session of CarMUN, we will deal with Intimate Partner Violence. It is one of the most common forms of violence against both men and women which includes “physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and controlling behaviors” by an intimate partner.

Director: Arianna Zuñiga

Legal

Legal Committee

Protection of Human Rights Defenders

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights meant to be a common standard of achievement for all nations. However, this document was also the starting basis for further binding documents: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

 

These documents are considered as part of the International Bill of  Rights. which has been the motor of major development of human rights. It is within this context that Human Rights Defenders appear. These are individuals who advocate for the protection of human rights, and for reparations. However, they constantly face harassment, threats, and even death because of the ideas they stand for and the causes they defend. It is for this reason that the Legal Committee must address the situation that Human Rights Defenders are dealing with.
 

Director: Enrique Rodríguez & Marcelo Dávila

UNGA (1997)

United Nations General Assembly (1997)

Sierra Leone Civil War

Located in West Africa, Sierra Leone became a British colony since the late 18th century until its independence in 1961. Its land is characterized by being highly rich in natural minerals and diamonds, which made it a trading post for mainly French, Dutch and Portuguese traders.

 

After the unexpected death of the Prime Minister in 1964, the country's economy deteriorated and its society descended into poverty. Several corruption cases, the collapse of the education system, and many coups led the citizens to get the minerals and diamonds as a source of income. Since the government had total control over the national mines, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) emerged, However, over time, this group became internationally known for its cruelty towards the population, as well as the constant spread of terror and the use of child soldiers.

Directors: Diego Reyes & Nicolás Lamas

HLCCT

High-Level Conference on Counter-Terrorism

International Terrorism

Every country in the world has come across an act of terrorism in its past, but lately, it would seem that the threat of a terrorist attack is more present than ever. On the other hand, though almost everyone knows what it is, there is no clear definition of what constitutes a terrorist act.

 

In this committee, we will be open to hearing re-definitions or specifications of what it consists of and the different ways to approach it. Delegates are expected to represent their nations in discussing the threat of terrorism to their own regions, and to the entire world.

Directors: Daniela Mejía & Miguel Prado